Below is some practical guidance for nail technicians. The tips should be used as part of daily routine in the salon. More information can be found at http://www.habia.org
1. Nail Technicians and their clients should thoroughly clean their hands prior to and after each service. Hand washing is one of the most important actions that can be taken to control infection by preventing the transfer of microorganisms from one person to another.
2. All implements, instruments, tools and surfaces should be properly disinfected prior to servicing each client. This includes pedicure spas, footbaths, drill bits, finger bowls, etc. Today, it is recommended that hospital level disinfection is used for your protection. NOTE: If blood is accidentally drawn during a manicure/pedicure procedure, disinfect the contaminated implement before proceeding with the service.
3. Clean towels and/or manicure mats should be used for each client. Utilise disposable items whenever possible to reduce contamination and to save time.
4. Read and follow manufacturer's instructions, cautions and warnings before using all products and chemicals. Regardless of the product selected, label directions must be precisely followed to protect yourself and your client against problems that may arise from misuse. Also note storage instructions and expiration date on package denoting shelf-life.
5. Follow manufacturer's instructions for proper disposal of all chemicals. Dispose of chemicals in line with the regulations.
6. Have a Material Safety Data Sheet on file in your salon for every product you are using. Make certain that the information on the MSDS is read and understood by all employees. MSDS are designed to help you understand how to work safely with chemicals in your work area. Carryout risk assessments on the chemicals you use for more infomation on risk assessments for chemicals and a step by step guide on completing them go to www.coshh-essentials.org.uk/.
7. Strive to obtain a minimum of 15 hours of continuing education annually from manufactures and/or generic industry sources. Education is a key ingredient in the development of every career, and ongoing training will enhance your experience as a nail care professional.
8. Discard disposable items immediately after use in a covered trash container. Any disposable materials contaminated by blood or body fluids should be disposed of following the regulations. The Environmental Protection (Duty of Care) Regulations 1991 impose a duty of care on waste producers to ensure that all refuse (especially clinical waste, such as used electrolysis needles, dressings and swabs) is collected and disposed of by a registered waste carrier at an approved incinerator. A copy of the current contract for the removal of such waste, and contractor's licence and transfer notes, shall be available for inspection on the premises at all times. Rubbish should be stored in covered receptacles and suitable arrangements should be made for its proper disposal. Sharps (e.g.: electrolysis needles) shall be stored in a sharps box prior to removal by a registered waste carrier. Clinical waste bags and containers shall be coloured yellow, and be stored in a secure place whilst awaiting collection.
9. Proper ventilation in nail salons is essential. Make certain that your ventilation system provides fresh air intake as well as exhaustion of stale air. Air control in the salon reduces your exposure to airborne particles and bacteria as well as to inhalation of chemical fumes, creating a healthier work environment.
10. Utilise a system that directs airborne debris, such as nail filings, away from the breathing zone of you and your client. A mask may also be worn to prevent inhalation of airborne particles.
11. Observe proper hygiene and grooming and maintain a professional attitude at all times. As a nail industry professional, your image and demeanor represent a measure of success. We are in the "business of beauty," and your clients deserve to be pampered in a relaxed atmosphere.
12. Smoking should not be permitted at the manicure station or in areas where chemicals are used or stored. In order to ensure that products or chemicals are not inadvertently ignited, nail care professional should be responsible for compliance . . . the same applies to candles. Remember to store all nail care chemicals in closed containers.
13. Recommend that clients with questionable nail conditions seek medical advice. Establish a professional relationship with a local dermatologist, who is willing to accept your referrals. Explain that you are adhering to strict sanitary procedures and express your concern for clients who require treatment for nail disorders.
14. Inform your clients of proper nail care between salon visits. Assisting your clients with proper nail care affords you the opportunity to retail products that will maintain the "beauty" of your service, while reducing the incidence of recurring technical problems.
If you require any further assistance, or would like some advice please contact the health and safety team on 01903 737500 or email the team at: firstname.lastname@example.org