Seagulls are beautiful animals to observe in their natural environment but they can be a nuisance around your property causing damage, creating constant noise, mess and health risks from their droppings. Also, during the breeding season the birds can become aggressive if they feel threatened.

Seaside towns and villages are becoming extremely attractive to seagulls to feed and rear their young but we urge people to stop feeding seagulls as the expert view is that these birds are scavengers which are thriving, and putting both the public and other bird populations at risk.

Our main priorities are to:

Identify the scale and focus of the problem, adopt environmental measures to reduce food sources, and discourage people who regularly feed scavenging birds.


Seagull nuisance

Many people who have gulls on or around their property find them annoying.

Common problems include:

  • Noise caused by calling gulls and by their heavy foot falls
  • Mess from droppings falling on washing, gardens and people
  • Damage to property - gulls may pick at roofing materials or nest in gutters

More serious problems include:

  • Birds can dive and swoop on people and pets.  This usually occurs when chicks have fallen from the nest and adult birds attempt to prevent them coming to harm by frightening away potential threats
  • Blocked gas flues caused by nesting materials can have serious consequences if gas fumes are stopped from venting properly

Guidance on the law when dealing with herring gulls

The Council has no statutory duty to take action against gulls.

All species of gull are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.

The law says it is illegal to capture, injure or destroy any wild bird or interfere with its nest or eggs, this includes Herring Gulls. The penalties for disregarding the law can be severe.

Control Methods

The best methods for controlling gulls are:

  • Proofing - includes the use of spikes, nets or wires. This is the only sure method of preventing birds from nesting on buildings.
  • Education – Gulls are opportunistic and will scavenge waste bins and look for food. It’s important that the public are made aware that gulls are attracted to areas where food is plentiful.
  • Don’t feed gulls at home or areas such as parks and other open spaces. 
  • Ensure litter and other food waste is properly stored and / or disposed of using the bins provided.
  • Put waste (particularly food waste) out for collection on the day of collection and not the night before.

Less successful methods, in the longer term, include:

  • Disturbing Birds - There is a variety of methods of disturbing or discouraging birds from particular locations e.g. using birds of prey or bird scarers e.g. plastic resin owls / birds of prey or raptor kites.

How to deter gulls

All owners or occupiers of buildings which have, or may attract, roof nesting Herring Gulls are strongly urged to provide the building with deterrent measures suitable to the individual building.

The principal methods to deter gulls are:-

  • Fit spikes to nesting locations e.g. chimney stacks, guards
  • Fitting of spikes contained in a special plastic base to nesting locations such as dormer roofs
  • Fitting of wires and nets to prevent Herring Gulls landing