Pavement licensing policy

1. Introduction

The Covid-19 pandemic has affected businesses across the economy causing many to cease trading for several months while others have had to significantly modify their operations.

As the economy starts to re-open, on 25 June 2020 the Government announced a further and urgent relaxation to planning and licensing laws to help the hospitality industry recover from the coronavirus lockdown by removing short term obstacles that could get in their way.

The Business and Planning Act makes it easier for premises serving food and drink such as bars, restaurants and pubs, as lockdown restrictions are lifted but social distancing guidelines remain in place to seat and serve customers outdoors through temporary changes to planning procedures and alcohol licensing. 

The measures included in the Act modify provisions in the Licensing Act 2003 to provide automatic extensions to the terms of on-sales alcohol licences to allow for off-sales.  The Act introduces temporary measures to boost the economy, with provisions lasting until the end of September 2024. 

The Act also introduces a temporary fast-track process for these businesses to obtain permission, in the form of a “pavement licence”, from the Arun District Council for the placement of furniture such as tables and chairs on the pavement outside their premise which will enable them to maximise their capacity whilst adhering to social distancing guidelines.

Currently, tables and chairs permissions are granted as Pavement licences by West Sussex Council, the Highways Authority, under Part 7A of the Highways Act 1980.  The fee varies between local authorities and there is a time consuming 28-day consultation period.

The new temporary measure places a cap on the application fee for businesses, and introduces a new 14-day determination period, ensuring that businesses can obtain licences in a timely and cost-effective manner aiding to their financial recovery.

2. Scope

2.1 Definition of pavement licence

A pavement licence is a licence granted by the local authority, or deemed to have been granted, which allows the licence-holder to place removable furniture over certain highways adjacent to the premises in relation to which the application was made, for certain purposes.

2.2 Eligible Businesses

A business which uses (or proposes to use) premises for the sale of food or drink for consumption (on or off the premises) can apply for a licence. Businesses that are eligible include: public houses, cafes, bars, restaurants, snack bars, coffee shops, and ice cream parlours.

A licence permits the business to use furniture placed on the highway to sell or serve food or drink and/or allow it to be used by people for consumption of food or drink supplied from, or in connection with the use of the premises.

2.3 Eligible Locations

Licences can only be granted in respect of highways listed in section 115A(1) Highways Act 1980.  

Generally, these are footpaths restricted to pedestrians or are roads and places to which vehicle access is restricted or prohibited. Highways maintained by Network Rail or over the Crown land are exempt (so a licence cannot be granted).

2.4 Type of furniture permitted

The furniture which may be used is:

  • counters or stalls for selling or serving food or drink;
  • tables, counters or shelves on which food or drink can be placed;
  • chairs, benches or other forms of seating; and
  • umbrellas, barriers and other articles used in connection with the outdoor consumption of food or drink.

This furniture is required to be removable, which in principle this means it is not a permanent fixed structure, and is able to be moved easily, and stored away of an evening, or after the premises has closed.

We would also expect the type of furniture to be ‘in keeping’ with the local area.

2.5 Planning Permission

Once a licence is granted, or deemed to be granted, the applicant will also benefit from deemed planning permission to use the land for anything done pursuant to the licence while the licence is valid.

3. Application and Determination of Pavement Licences

3.1 Submission of the Application

An application for a Pavement Licence must be made via our website found at (no other means of application will be accepted), and

the following will be required to be submitted with the application:

  • a completed Application Form
  • a plan showing the location of the premises shown by a red line, so the application site can be clearly identified
  • a plan clearly showing the proposed area covered by the licence in relation to the highway, if not to scale, with measurements clearly shown.  The plan must show the positions and number of the proposed tables and chairs, together with any other items that they wish to place on the highway. The plan shall include clear measurements of, for example, pathway width/length, building width and any other fixed item in the proposed area.
  • the proposed days of the week on which, and the times of day between which, it is proposed to put furniture on the highway,
  • photos or brochures showing the proposed type of furniture and information on potential siting of it within the area applied;
  • (if applicable) reference of existing pavement licence currently under consideration by the local authority;
  • evidence that the applicant has met the requirement to give notice of the application (for example photographs of the notice outside the premises and of the notice itself);
  • a copy of a current certificate of insurance that covers the activity for third party and public liability risks, to a minimum value of £5 million, and
  • any other evidence needed to demonstrate how our local conditions, and any national conditions will be satisfied.

3.2 Fees

The fee for applying for a licence under the new process are set locally but are capped at £100. We have determined that the fee for applications will be £100.

3.3 Consultation

Applications are consulted upon for 7 days, starting with the day after the day on which a valid application was made to us. 

We will publish details of the application on its website at

We are required by law to consult with the Highways Authority.  In addition, to ensure that there are not detrimental effects to the application we will consult with:

  • Arun District Council Economic Development
  • Arun District Council Environmental Health
  • Arun District Council Property and Estates
  • Arun District Council Planning
  • West Sussex Fire & Rescue Service
  • Sussex Police
  • The relevant Local Ward Councillor(s)
  • The relevant Parish or Town Council
  • The Littlehampton Traders Partnership
  • Arundel Chamber of Commerce
  • The Bognor Regis Business Improvement District

Members of the public and others listed above can contact us in writing via the portal found at to make representations.

We must take into account representations received during the public consultation period and consider these when determining the application.

3.4 Site Notice

An applicant for a pavement licence must on the day the application is made, fix a notice of the application to the premises so that the notice is readily visible to, and can be read easily by, members of the public who are not on the premises.  The notice must be constructed and secured so that it remains in place until the end of the public consultation period.  Evidence of the site notice requirement must be supplied to us.

The Site Notice must:

  • state that the application has been made and the date on which it was made;
  • state the statutory provisions under which the application is made;
  • state the address of the premises and name of the business;
  • describe the proposed use of the furniture;
  • indicate that representations relating to the application may be made to us during the public consultation period and when that period comes to an end;
  • state the council’s website where the application and any accompanying material can be viewed during the consultation period;
  • state the address to which representations should be sent during the consultation period; and
  • the end date of the consultation (7 days starting the day after the application is submitted to the authority).

A template Site Notice is shown as Appendix 1.

3.5 Site Assessment

The following matters will be used by the council and consultees in considering the suitability of the proposed application:

  • public health and safety – for example, ensuring that uses conform with latest guidance on social distancing and any reasonable crowd management measures needed as a result of a licence being granted and businesses reopening;
  • public amenity – will the proposed use create nuisance to neighbouring occupiers by generating anti-social behaviour and litter; and
  • accessibility – taking a proportionate approach to considering the nature of the site in relation to which the application for a licence is made, its surroundings and its users, taking account of:
    • any other temporary measures in place that may be relevant to the proposal, for example, the reallocation of road space. This could include pedestrianised streets and any subsequent reallocation of this space to vehicles;
    • whether there are other permanent street furniture or structures in place on the footway that already reduce access;
    • the impact on any neighbouring premises including residences;
    • the recommended minimum footway widths and distances required for access by mobility impaired and visually impaired people as set out in Section 3.1 of Inclusive Mobility, and
    • other users of the space, for example if there are high levels of pedestrian or cycle movements.

Applicants are strongly encouraged to talk to neighbouring businesses and residences prior to applying to the local authority, and so take any issues around noise, and nuisance into consideration as part of the proposal.

3.6 Determination

Once the application is submitted the council has 14 days from the day after the application is made (excluding public holidays) to consult on and determine the application.  This consists of 7 days for public consultation, and then 7 days to consider and determine the application after the consultation. Applications will be determined by officers in accordance with the council’s scheme of delegation and by criteria laid out in this policy. This will ensure adherence to the tight timescales statute provides for determination. Refusals will have the oversight of the Licensing Manager or their deputy.

If the local authority determines the application before the end of the determination period the local authority can:

  • grant the licence in respect of any or all of the purposes specified in the application, and impose conditions
  • grant the licence for some or all of the part of the highway specified in the application, and impose conditions, or
  • refuse the application.

If the local authority does not determine the application within the 14-day period, the application will be deemed to have been granted.

3.7 Approval of applications

We may approve applications meeting the criteria contained within these guidelines.

On approving the application, we will issue a Pavement  Licence to which conditions will be attached.  The licence will also contain specific terms such as days and hours when tables and chairs are permitted and appearance and location of the furniture corresponding to the application.

A copy of our standard conditions, which will be attached to all Pavement Licences are shown at Appendix 2.  Additional conditions may be attached if we consider it appropriate in the circumstances of any particular case.

We generally will only permit Pavement Licences between 09:00 and 21:00.

Applications outside these hours will be assessed in terms of the criteria detailed above. The council however retains the right to specify permitted hours of trading that are less than those specified above in appropriate circumstances.

3.8 Licence Duration

If we determine an application before the end of the determination period (which is 7 days, beginning with the first day after the public consultation period, excluding public holidays) they can specify the duration of the licence, subject to a minimum duration of 3 months.

The expectation from the Government is that local authorities will grant licences for 12 months or more unless there are good reasons for granting a licence for a shorter period such as plans for future changes in use of road space. Unless there is a specified reason to do so for a shorter duration, licences will granted for a period of 12 months.

If a licence is ‘deemed’ granted because the authority does not make a decision on an application before the end of the determination period, then the licence will be valid for a year.

3.9 Refusal of Applications

If the site is deemed unsuitable for a Pavement Licence, or if relevant representations are made which cannot be mitigated by conditions then the application may be refused. 

There is no statutory appeal process against decision to refuse an application.

4. Conditions

Our standard conditions are set out at Appendix 2.  In some cases, extra measures may be required.  This will be determined when assessing any application, on a case by case basis.

Where a local authority sets a local condition that covers the same matter as set out in national published conditions, then the locally set condition takes precedence over the national condition where there is reasonable justification to do so.  

However, this is not the case for the statutory no-obstruction condition which is as applies to all Licences.  The National ‘no obstruction conditions are shown in Appendix 3.

5. Enforcement

We aim to work closely with other enforcement authorities to enforce the provisions of all appropriate legislation.  The case remains that an obstruction of the Highway is an offence under The Highways Act 1980 and will be dealt with by the Highways Authority or the Police.

Obtaining a Consent does not confer the holder immunity in regard to other legislation that may apply, e.g. Public Liability, Health & Safety at Work, Food Hygiene and Safety, Alcohol and Entertainment Licensing, Social distancing controls, and applicants must ensure all such permissions, etc. are in place prior to applying.

If a condition imposed on a licence either by the council or via a National Condition is breached we will be able to issue a notice requiring the breach to be remedied and the authority can take action to cover any costs.

The authority may revoke a licence in the following circumstances:

          1. If officers believe there has been a breach of condition, (whether or not a remediation notice has been issued) or

          2. Where:

  • there are risks to public health or safety – for example by encouraging users to breach government guidance on social distancing by placing tables and chairs too close together;
  • the highway is being obstructed (other than by anything permitted by the licence);
  • there is anti-social behaviour or public nuisance – for example, the use is increasing the amount of noise generated late at night and litter is not being cleaned up;
  • it comes to light that the applicant provided false or misleading statements in their application – for example they are operating a stall selling hot food and had applied for tables and chairs on which drinks could be consumed; or
  • the applicant did not comply with the requirement to affix the notice to notify the public for the relevant period.

3. We may also revoke the licence where all or any part of the area of the relevant highway to which the licence relates has become unsuitable for any purpose for which the licence was granted or deemed to be granted.  For example, the licensed area (or road adjacent) is no longer to be pedestrianised.  The Council will give reasons where these powers are used.

6. Review Procedures

This Policy covers the Temporary Permission for Pavement Licences under the Business and Planning Act which are scheduled to expire on 30 September 2024.

This Policy will be reviewed from time to time should changes occur in relevant legislation, the nature of Pavement Licences generally, relevant social distancing measures or as a result of local considerations within our district.

Appendix 1 – site notice for display

Example of the site notice which is found on our pavement licensing section.

Example of the site notice

Appendix 2 - standard pavement licence conditions

  1. Permission to operate a pavement licence does not imply an exclusive right to the area of public highway.  The licence holder must be aware that Arun District Council and others (e.g. police, highways authority, statutory undertakers) will need access at various times (including emergencies) for maintenance, installation, special events, improvements etc or any other reasonable cause.  This may mean that the licensed area must cease operating and/or be removed for a period of time.  On these occasions there would be no compensation for loss of business.
  2. Arun District Council requires evidence that the licence holder has Public Liability Insurance for the operation of the Pavement Licensed area.  This must indemnify Arun District Council and West Sussex County Council against all claims for injury, damage or loss to users of the public highway, arising from the use of the highway for the permitted purpose.  The minimum level of indemnity must be £5 million in respect of any one incident.
  3. Tables and chairs must not be placed in position outside of permitted times.  When the licence is not in use, all tables and chairs and other furniture must be stored securely inside a premises away from the highway.
  4. Arun District Council and/or West Sussex County Council are empowered to remove and store or dispose of furniture from the highway, at the cost of the licensee, if it is left there outside the permitted hours, or should any conditions of the licence be ignored.  The Council will not be responsible for its safekeeping.
  5. The licence holder is not to make or cause to be made any claim Arun District Council in the event of any property of the licence holder becoming lost or damaged in any way from whatever cause.
  6. An unimpeded pedestrian route must be maintained at all times for people wishing to use the footway as per the National Licence Conditions.  
  7. The method of marking the boundary of the licensed area must be agreed between the licence holder and the Licensing Department prior to operation of the area. Whatever method is agreed a minimum of 2 -metre wide walkway must be maintained clear of obstruction for the use of pedestrians.
  8. Emergency routes to the premises and adjacent buildings must not be obstructed by the licensed area, which should not, in normal circumstances, extend beyond the width of the premises frontage.
  9. Tables and chairs should be of an approved type and should be kept in a good state of repair.  Furniture should be placed so as not to obstruct driver sightlines, or road traffic signs.  Placement of tables and chairs must allow pedestrians to use the footway parallel to the frontage of the premises.  Care should be taken in the use of hanging baskets, awnings, protruding umbrellas etc.  Alternative items may not be used without first seeking the written authority of the Council.  Patio heaters and A-boards or any other advertising structure must not be used.
  10. All potential obstructions must be removed from the public highway when the premises are closed to prevent a safety hazard to pedestrians, particularly during the hours of darkness.
  11. The licensee should ensure that the area operates in a safe and orderly manner, thereby ensuring that any safety risk or nuisance to customers, other users of the public highway or any adjacent land or premises in the vicinity, is minimised. 
  12. The operation of the area must not interfere with highway drainage arrangements.
  13. During the hours of darkness suitable and sufficient lighting must be provided to ensure safe use of the area.  Any proposals to provide additional lighting to the licensed areas must be agreed with the Highway Authority.
  14. All detritus (food and drink remnants, spillages, bottles, cans, wrappers etc) must be regularly removed from the footway surface to reduce hazards to pedestrians.  The licence holder must make arrangements to regularly check for and to remove litter and rubbish on pedestrian walkways, caused by persons using the licensed area, for a distance of up to 10 metres from the boundary of the Facility licensed area.  The licence holder must ensure that any tables are cleared in an efficient manner during the hours of operation.  The licence holder must ensure the licensed area and surrounding highway is to be washed down at the completion of each day's usage using a method sufficient to remove food debris, grease and other spillages that may occur.
  15. The licence holder is not permitted to make any fixtures, or excavations of any kind, to the surface of the highway without prior written approval from the council.  Any costs incurred as a result of damage to the highway, due to the positioning of tables and chairs etc, will be recovered in full from the licence holder by Arun District Council or West Sussex County Council.
  16. The Licensee of a premises not licensed under the Licensing Act 2003 or any modification or re-enactment thereof, must not allow the consumption of alcoholic liquor within the area subject to this pavement licence.
  17. The Licensee of a premises licensed under the Licensing Act 2003 or any modification or re-enactment thereof, must not allow the consumption of alcoholic liquor within the area subject to this pavement licence outside the hours in force for the premises itself.
  18. The licence must be displayed on the premises with a plan of the agreed layout of the pavement licensed area.
  19. The licensee is responsible for ensuring that the conditions of the licence and any other necessary permissions and regulations are adhered to.  The Licence holder is to use the highway solely for the purpose of the licence in line with the provisions of this licence and for no other purpose whatsoever.
  20. The licence holder must remove any tables, chairs and other furniture immediately at the end of the licence period or on revocation of the licence.
  21. Arun District Council reserves the right to revoke this licence at any time if any of the above conditions are not fulfilled and maintained.